Travel - China. Longji rice terraces, Guangxi China travel

China is predominantly a mountainous country

About 3/4 of China is mountains. Plains occupy only 12% of the territory

They are located in the eastern part of the country. The lowlands and plains of eastern China are bordered: from the north by the Bolshoy Khingan mountain range, the Tahanshan mountains, which go their spurs further south - to the rapids on the river. Yangtze City Ichan; further south and west - Guizhou plateau and Yunnan highlands. The surface of the eastern part is composed as follows: the middle of the northeast is occupied by the Sunliao Plain, which extends south to the Yellow Sea.

It is covered on three sides by the Greater Khingan Range, the mountain ranges of Lesser Khingan and Changbai Mountain adjacent to it. The narrow Shanhaiguan corridor connects Southern Manchuria with the vast North China Plain (Great China). To the south are the Dabashan and Dabeshan ranges, which continue to the Qinling Ridge, which crosses the Great Plain of China from east to west.

This ridge is the main watershed between the basins of the Yellow River and the Yangtze River, as well as an important climatic barter that prevents the penetration of masses of cold air from north to south. It divides the northern, temperate and southern, subtropical climatic zones. To the south of Qinling lies the plain of the middle reaches of the river. Yangtze. Within it are located the largest lakes in China: Dongting and Poyanghu.

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Travel - China. Longji rice terraces, Guangxi China travel
In the very south are the South China Mountains (Nanling), turning into a hilly plain - the valley of the river Chzhujiang. In the northern part of China is the Mongolian Plateau, within which the harsh landscape of the Gobi Desert dominates, in the south it merges with the Alashan desert. Further south is the Loess Plateau, the world's largest loess deposit. To the south of the Gobi desert are the Yinshan Mountains. They are one of the watersheds between the areas of internal and external flow. Here, the Yellow River abuts against the Ordos plateau, composed of hard rocks, makes a gigantic bend and turns south.

The west of China is a heap of mountain ranges, rocky peaks, the highest plateaus and deep depressions

In the far west is the Mongolian Altai, to the south - Kunlun and Alt?ntag. The Tien Shan Mountains divide Xinjiang into two parts: the northern - Dzungaria and the southern - Kashgar. To the east, near the city of Urumqi, is located one of the deepest depressions in the world - Turfan (154 m below sea level). To the south of Tien Shan is the Tarim Depression, covered with the sands of the Takla Makan Desert.

Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau is located in the south-west of China. Highlands Area - over 2 million square meters km., its average height is 4,500 m. It is often called the "roof of the world." From the south the highlands are framed by the Himalayas, there is also the highest peak in the world - Chomolungma (8848 m). In the north, between the ranges of Nanshan (Tsilyanshan) and Kunlun, the giant Tsaydam depression is located, it lies at an altitude of 2700 m above sea level.

Kunlun ridge in the east of the highlands turns south, forming the Sichuan Alps (Henduanshan) 6000-7000 m high. This mountain system borders a huge Sichuan basin (Red Basin). Hence, two powerful ledges - the Yunnan Highlands (2000 m above sea level), and the Guizhou Plateau (1000 m above sea level) - descending in a southeast direction, the territory of China goes to the Gulf of Tonkin.

A unique element of the landscape of China is the Great Wall of China. The first sections of this wall were erected in the VI - III centuries. BC. The purpose of the construction was to cover the northwestern borders of the state from the raids of nomads from the north, as well as to provide safe Putin west (Great Silk Road). The wall originates in Shanhaiguang, on the shores of the Gulf of Bohai, and ends in Gansu province in northwestern China.

The length of the wall is about 5-6 thousand km, however, the exact length has not been established, since the processes of natural and anthropogenic destruction aggressively affect the wall. The height of the wall is from 6 to 10 meters, the width at the top is 5.5 meters. In the suburb of Beijing (Badaling), one of the sites was restored and included in all the popular tourist routes in Beijing and its environs.

In the east and south, China is washed by the waters of the Yellow (Huanghai), East China (Donghai) and South China (Nanhai) seas. The Yellow Sea forms the West Korean, Liaodong and Bohai Gulfs. Basically, the coastline is calm, composed of alluvial deposits. There are convenient harbors on the coast of the Liaodong and Shandong Peninsulas. The yellow sea is not deep, especially in the western part, where the river flows into it. The yellow river. The East China Sea has a very rugged granite coast, many bays and bays. The most purchased bay is Hangzhou. To the south of Taiwan is the South China Sea. Its shores are rocky, and there are low-lying areas. The Leizhou Peninsula separates the Tonkin (Bacco) Gulf from the mainland. In this area there is a huge mass - 5400 - islands. The largest are Taiwan (36 thousand sq. Km.) And Hainan (34 thousand sq. Km.).

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